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Scientific name: Arthropoda: Insecta: Hymenoptera: Apiformes:
Common Name: Bees of the Washington, D.C., Area

Country: USA
State/District: VA
County: Fairfax
Date (D-M-Y): 2003

Photographer: not applicable

Identifier: not applicable
Collector: not applicable
Location: Washington, D.C., Area
Keywords: A bee list FEar
Additional Information:

Bees of the World, emphasizing those of Dyke Marsh Wildlife Preserve, VA (DMWP); MD; VA; Washington, D.C.; and WV.   This list is based on Mitchell (1960, 1962), the Georgetown University Arthropod Collection, and the Smithsonian Institution Arthropod Collection.   According to this list, about 342 species occur in Maryland; Virginia; Washington, DC; and West Virginia combined.

Muesebeck et al. (1951) listed 700 species for Eastern USA, including boreal through subtropical areas.   About 260 species are in Northern Virginia.  

If a bee name is not followed by DC, MD, VA, or WV, it is not present in these areas to my knowledge. Thanks to Ho Dzung, Dan Kjar, and Christopher McManus who made a list of bees from the collection of the Smithsonian Institution in 2001).

E.M.B. (Updated 10 August 2004)

Andrenidae (= Andrenids, Miner Bees), worldwide but not in Australia


Andrena, Eurasia and North America, DMWP

Andrena (Andrena) frigida, MD, VA
Andrena (Andrena) mandibularis, VA
Andrena (Andrena) milwaukeensis, MD, WV
Andrena (Andrena) thaspti, WV
Andrena (Andrena) tidens, VA

Andrena (Bythandrena) erythrogaster subaustralis, DC, VA, WV
Andrena (Bythandrena) perplexa, DC, MD, VA
Andrena (Bythandrena) carlini, DC, MD, VA, WV
Andrena (Bythandrena) pruni, MD, VA
Andrena (Bythandrena) viburnella, VA

Andrena (Conandrena) bradleyi, MD, VA
Andrena (Conandrena) carolina, DC, MD, VA
Andrena (Conandrena) durangoensis, WV

Andrena (Cnemidandrena) canadensis, VA
Andrena (Cnemidandrena) hirticincta, DC, MD, VA
Andrena (Cnemidandrena) nubecula, MD

Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, DC, MD, VA, WV
Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, VA
Andrena (Gonandrena) robertsonii, DC, MD, VA, WV

Andrena (Gymnandrena) bisignata, MD, VA, WV
Andrena (Gymnandrena) hilris, DC, MD, VA
Andrena (Gymnandrena) macra, VA
Andrena (Gymnandrena) hilris, DC, MD, VA
Andrena (Gymnandrena) sayi, VA
Andrena (Gymnandrena) vicina, DC, VA

Andrena (Iomelissa) violae, CD, MD

Andrena (Leucandrena)placida, DC, MD, VA

Andrena (Micrandrena) fragariana, DC, VA
Andrena (Micrandrena) miserabilis, DC, MD
Andrena (Micrandrena) miserabilis bipunctata, DC, MD, VA, WV
Andrena (Micrandrena) personata, DC, MD
Andrena (Micrandrena) silictaria, VA
Andrena (Micrandrena) ziziae, MD
Andrena (Micrandrena) ziziaeformis, MD, VA

Andrena (Mimandrena) imitatrix, DC, MD, VA
Andrena (Mimandrena) imitatrix profunda, VA
Andrena (Mimandrena) verna, MD

Andrena (Parandrena )nida, MD, VA

Andrena (Pterandrena) aliciae, MD
Andrena (Pterandrena) asteris, MD
Andrena (Pterandrena) braccata, MD, VA
Andrena (Pterandrena) brassicae, VA
Andrena (Pterandrena) gardineri, VA, WV
Andrena (Pterandrena) placata, DC, VA
Andrena (Pterandrena) solidaginis, VA

Andrena (Ptilandrena) distans, VA
Andrena (Ptilandrena) erigeniae, DC, MD

Andrena (Scaphandrena) arabis, DC, MD, VA

Andrena (Schizandrena) crataegi, DC, MD, VA, WV

Andrena (Simandrena) nasonii, DC., MD, VA
Andrena (Simandrena) uvulariae, MD

Andrena (Opandrena) cressoni, DC, MD, VA
Andrena (Opandrena) cressoni ivanensis, VA

Andrena (Taeniandrena) wilkella, DC, VA

Andrena (Thysandrena) bisalicis, WV, VA
Andrena (Thysandrena) geranii, MD, VA
Andrena (Thysandrena) lata, MD
Andrena (Thysandrena) novaeangliae, VA
Andrena (Thysandrena) phaceliae, MD

Andrena (Trachandrena) alleghaniensis, DC, MD
Andrena (Trachandrena) forbesii, DC, MD, VA
Andrena (Trachandrena) hippotes, DC, MD, VA
Andrena (Trachandrena) ilicis, MD, VA
Andrena (Trachandrena) mendica, VA
Andrena (Trachandrena) miranda, DC, VA
Andrena (Trachandrena) montensis, VA
Andrena (Trachandrena) morrisonella, VA
Andrena (Trachandrena) pseudobscura, DC, MD
Andrena (Trachandrena) rehni, DC, MD, VA
Andrena (Trachandrena) rugosa, DC, MD, VA, WV
Andrena (Trachandrena) spiraena, DC, MD, VA, WV
Andrena (Trachandrena) virginiana, MD, VA

unassigned to subgenus

Andrena banksi, MD

Panurginae, Eurasia, North America

Calliopsis andreniformis, DC, MD, VA

Panurginus atramontensis, MD, VA
Panurginus potentillae, MD, VA

Perdita, New World

Perdita boltoniae, DC, MD
Perdita novae-angliae, MD

Pseudopanurginus rugosus, MD
Pseudopanurginus abdominalis tricolor, VA
Pseudopanurginus andrenoides, VA
Pseudopanurginus compositarium, MD, VA
Pseudopanurginus illinoiensis, DC, MD, VA
Pseudopanurginus pauper, VA, WV
Pseudopanurginus virginicus, DC, MD, VA, WV

Anthophoridae (= Anthophorids, Digger Bees), worldwide

Note: Many bee workers currently place this family within the family Apidae.



Anthophora (= Digger Bees, Potter-flower Bees), DMWP

Anthophora abrupta, DC, MD, VA
Anthophora bomboides, DC, WV
Anthophora furcata terminalis, WV?
Anthophora ursina, MD, VA



Emphoropsis laboriosa, VA

Melitoma taurea, MD, VA

Ptilothrix bombiformis, DC, MD, VA

Ptilothrix bombiformis, DC, MD, VA



Melissodes, DMWP
Melissodes (Apomelissoides) apicata, DC, MD
Melissodes (Apomelissoides) fimbriata, VA

Melissodes (Eumelissodes) agilis, DC, MD, VA
Melissodes (Eumelissodes) denticulata, DC, MD, VA, WV
Melissodes (Eumelissodes) fumosa, MD, VA
Melissodes (Eumelissodes) nivea, DC, MD

Melissodes (Eumelissodes) rustica, DC, MD, VA, WV
Melissodes (Eumelissodes) subillata, VA
Melissodes (Eumelissodes) trinodis, VA

Melissodes (Heliomelissodes) desponsa, MD, VA, WV

Melissodes (Melissodes) bimaculata, DC, MD, VA
Melissodes (Melissodes) comptoides, MD, VA

Peponapis pruinosa priunosa,VA

Svastra atripes trimitra, MD, VA
Svastra obliqua caliginosa, MD, VA

Tetralonia atriventris, MD, VA,
Tetralonia rosae, DC, MD, VA

Xenoglossa strenua, VA





Nomadinae (all = Cuckoo Bees)

Ammobates, Old World


Epeoplus, Eurasia, North America

Epeolus banksi, MD, VA
Epeolus bifasciatus, MD
Epeolus lectoides, MD, VA
Epeolus pusillus, VA
Epeolus scutellaris, MD, VA

Odyneropsis, New World

Triepeolus, New World , DMWP

Triepeolus cressonii, VA
Triepeolus lunatus, VA
Triepeolus qudrifasciatus atlanticus, MD


Holcopsites illinoiensis, DC, MD, VA


Nomada, worldwide , DMWP

Nomada (Callinomada) placida, MD, VA

Nomada (Gnathias) bella, DC, MD, VA
Nomada (Gnathias) cuneata, MD, VA, WV
Nomada (Gnathias) hydrophylli, MD
Nomada (Gnathias) lepida, DC, MD, VA, WV
Nomada (Gnathias) louisianae, DC, VA
Nomada (Gnathias) maculata, DC, MD, VA
Nomada (Gnathias) ovata, DC, MD, VA
Nomada (Gnathias) perplexa, DC, VA
Nomada (Gnathias) volatilis, DC, MD, VA

Nomada (Heminomada) bishoppi, DC, MD
Nomada (Heminomada) electella, VA
Nomada (Heminomada) fragariae, VA
Nomada (Heminomada) luteola, DC, VA
Nomada (Heminomada) obliterata, VA
Nomada (Heminomada) sulphurata, VA

Nomada (Holonomada) affbilis, DC, VA

Nomada (Micronomada) heiligbrodtii, VA
Nomada (Micronomada) texana, VA

Nomada (Nomada) ceanothi, MD, VA
Nomada (Nomada) cressonii, DC, VA, WV
Nomada (Nomada) denticulata, VA?
Nomada (Nomada) depressa, VA, WV
Nomada (Nomada) illinoensis, MD, VA
Nomada (Nomada) minima, MD, VA
Nomada (Nomada) parva, MD, VA, WV
Nomada (Nomada) pygmaea, DC, VA
Nomada (Nomada) sayi, DC, MD, VA, WV
Nomada (Nomada) townesi, MD

Nomada (Nomadula) articulata, DC, MD, VA, WV

Nomada (Phor) integerrima, VA


Epeoloides pilosula, VA


Oreopasites, North America

Pasites, Old World


Allodapini, Old World subtropics and tropics (some species are cuckoos)

Ceratinini (= Small Carpenter Bees)

Ceratina, DMWP

Ceratina calcarata, DC, MD, VA
Ceratina dupla, DC, MD, VA, WV
Ceratina metallica, MD, VA
Ceratina strenua, MD


Xylocopa (= Large Carpenter Bees), warm temperate, subtropical, and tropical areas of the New and Old Worlds

Xylocopa micans, VA

Xylocopa virginica virginica L., “Great Eastern Carpenter Bee,” King Bee, DC, DMWP, MD, VA, WV

Apidae (= Apids) (Honey Bees and kin)

Apinae (= Honey Bees, Honeybees)

Apis mellifera L., the Honey Bee, Western Honey Bee, Eurasia (now worldwide), DC, DMWP, MD, VA, WV

Cleptotrigona (= Stingless Bees), Africa

Dactylurina (= Stingless Bees), Africa

Lestrimelitta (= Robber Bees)

Melipona (= Stingless Bees), South America

Meliponula (= Stingless Bees), Africa

Trigona (= Stingless Bees)

Bombinae (= Bumble Bees, Bumblebees, Humblebees), worldwide

Bombus, throughout the world except for Africa south of the Sahara and Australia, DMWP

Bombus affinis, “Neighboring Bumble Bee,” MD, VA, WV
Bombus bimaculatus, “Two-spotted Bumble Bee,” DC, MD, VA, WV
Bombus fervidus, DC, WV
Bombus fraternus, DC
Bombus impatiens, “Impatient Bumble Bee,” DC, VA, WV
Bombus pennsylvanicus, American Bumble Bee, “Pennsylvanian Bumble Bee,” VA, WV
Bombus perplexus, “Perplexing Bumble Bee,” DMWP, MD, VA, WV
Bombus sandersoni, “Sander’s Bumble Bee,” WV
Bombus ternarius, VA
Bombus terricola, “Ground Bumble Bee,” WV
Bombus vagans “Wondering Bumble Bee,” DC, DMWP, MD, VA, WV

Psithyrus, “Cuckoo Bumble Bees,” parasitic on other bumble bees

Psithyrus ashtoni, “Ashton’s Cuckoo Bumble Bee,” WV
Psithyrus citrinus, “Ashton’s Cuckoo Bumble Bee,” DC, VA, WV

Euglossinae (= Orchid Bees), New World subtropics and tropics




Aglae, Cuckoo Bees

Exaerete, Cuckoo Bees

Colletidae (= Colletids)

Colletinae, Plasterer Bees

Colletes, worldwide

Colletes aestivalis, MD, VA
Colletes americanus, DC, MD, VA
Colletes armatus, MD, VA
Colletes banksi, VA
Colletes ciliatus, VA
Colletes compactus, MD, VA
Colletes eulophi, VA, WV
Colletes inaequalis, MD, VA, WV
Colletes kincaidii, VA
Colletes latitarsus, MD, VA
Colletes mitchelli, WV
Colletes nudus, VA
Colletes productus, MD, VA
Colletes thoracicus, DC, DMWP, MD, VA
Colletes thysanellae, VA
Colletes willistoni, VA

Ptiloglossa, a nocturnal bee, tropical America


Hylaeinae ( = Masked Bees, Yellow-faced Bees)

Hylaeus (= Prosopis) worldwide, very diverse in Australia; DMWP

Hylaeus affinis, Yellow-faced Bee, DC, MD, VA
Hylaeus confluens, Yellow-faced Bee, VA, WV
Hylaeus cressoni, Yellow-faced Bee, VA, WV
Hylaeus illinoensis, Yellow-faced Bee, WV
Hylaeus modestis, Yellow-faced Bee, MD, VA, WV
Hylaeus nelumbonis, Yellow-faced Bee, MD
Hylaeus saniculae, Yellow-faced Bee, MD, VA
Hylaeus schwarzi, Yellow-faced Bee, MD, VA
Hylaeus sparsus, Yellow-faced Bee, MD
Hylaeus stevensi, Yellow-faced Bee, VA
Hylaeus teleporus, Yellow-faced Bee, VA
Hylaeus verticalis, Yellow-faced Bee, VA

Ctenoplectridae (= Ctenoplectrids)

Ctenoplectra, Africa, Asia, Australia

Ctenoplectrina (= Cuckoo Bees?), Orient

Fideliidae (= Fideliids)

Fidelia and Parafidelia, Namibia, North Africa

Neofidelia, Chile

Halictidae (= Halictids, Burrowing Bees), worldwide

Augochlorini; DMWP

Augochlora pura (Say), “Gold-green Sweat Bee,” DC, DMWP, MD, VA, WV


Augochlorella aurata, MD, VA
Augochlorella gratiosa, DC, MD
Augochlorella striata, DC, VA, WV
Augochloropsis metallica, “Metallic Green Sweat Bee,” DMWP, MD, VA
Augochloropsis metallica fulgida, “Metallic Green Sweat Bee,” DMWP, MD, WV

Agapostemon; DMWP

Agapostemon radiatus, DC, MD, VA, WV
Agapostemon texanus, DC, VA
Agapostemon virescens, DC, DMWP


Halictus; DMWP

Halictus confusus, DC, MD, VA
Halictus ligatus, DC, MD, VA
Halictus parallelus, MD
Halictus rubicundus, DC, MD, VA

Lasioglossum, DMWP

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) abanci, Sweat Bee, DC, MD, VA, WV
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) achilleae, Sweat Bee, MD, VA
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) admirandus, Sweat Bee, DC, MD, VA, WV
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) alternatum, Sweat Bee, VA
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) apertum, Sweat Bee, VA, WV
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) apocyni, Sweat Bee, WV
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) atlanticum, Sweat Bee, WV

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) banksi, Sweat Bee, VA
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) bruneri, Sweat Bee, MD, VA

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) callidum, Sweat Bee, MD, VA, WV
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) cattellae, Sweat Bee, WV
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) coeruleum, “Blue Sweat Bee,” DMWP, MD, VA, WV
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) cressonii, Sweat Bee, DC, MD,VA, WV

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) delectatum, Sweat Bee, MD, VA, WV

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) genuinum, Sweat Bee, VA

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) heterognathum, Sweat Bee, WV

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) illinoensis, Sweat Bee, DC, MD, VA, WV
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) imitatum, “Tiny Sweat Bee,” DC, MD, VA, WV
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) inconspicuum, Sweat Bee, DC, MD, VA, WV (= L. imitatum)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) laevissimum, Sweat Bee, DC, MD, VA, WV
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) lectum, Sweat Bee, DC
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) lineatulum, Sweat Bee, DC, VA, WV

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) marinus, Sweat Bee, MD, Sm

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) nigroviridis, Sweat Bee, DC, WV
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) nymphaearum, Sweat Bee, DC, MD, VA

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) oblongum, Sweat Bee, DC, VA, WV
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) obscurum, Sweat Bee, DC, MD, VA
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) obitatum, Sweat Bee, WV

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) pilosum, Sweat Bee, DC, MD, VA, WV

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) reticulatum, Sweat Bee, VA
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) rohweri, Sweat Bee, VA, WV

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) supraclypeatum, Sweat Bee, VA

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) tegularis, Sweat Bee, DC, VA, WV

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) unicum, Sweat Bee, VA

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) versans, Sweat Bee, DC, VA, WV
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) versatum, Sweat Bee, DC, VA, WV
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) viridatum, Sweat Bee, VA

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) zephyrum, Sweat Bee, DC, MD, VA, WV

Lasioglossum (Evyleus) arcuatus, Sweat Bee, VA
Lasioglossum (Evyleus) cinctipes, Sweat Bee, MD, VA
Lasioglossum (Evyleus) divergens, Sweat Bee, VA
Lasioglossum (Evyleus) foxii, Sweat Bee, DC, MD, VA
Lasioglossum (Evyleus) macoupinensis Robertson, Sweat Bee, MD, VA
Lasioglossum (Evyleus) pectoralis, Sweat Bee, DC, VA
Lasioglossum (Evyleus) quebecensis, Sweat Bee, DC, MD
Lasioglossum (Evyleus) truncatus, Sweat Bee, VA

Lasioglossum (Hemihalictus) lustrans, Sweat Bee, VA

Lasioglossum (Sphecodogastra) oenotherae, Sweat Bee, VA

Lasioglossum (Lasioglossum) acuminatum McGinley, 1986, “Acuminate-acarinarium Sweat Bee” (not in Mitchell 1960), MD
Lasioglossum (Lasioglossum) coriceum (Smith), Sweat Bee, MD, VA
Lasioglossum (Lasioglossum) forbesii (Robertson), “Forbes Sweat Bee,” DC, MD, VA
Lasioglossum (Lasioglossum) fuscipenne (Smith), Sweat Bee, DC, MD, VA
Lasioglossum (Lasioglossum) paraforbesii McGinley, 1986, “Near-Forbes Sweat Bee;” DC

Paralictus, Cuckoo Sweat Bees

Paralictus asterius, Cuckoo Sweat Bee, MD, WV
Paralictus cephalotes (Della Torre), Cuckoo Sweat Bee, MD
Paralictus platyparius, Cuckoo Sweat Bee, MD, VA
Paralictus simplex, Cuckoo Sweat Bee, WV

Sphecodes, Cuckoo Bees , DMWP (Most Sphecodes were on loan, when Dzung and Kjar recorded information from the collection in spring 2000.)

Sphecodes aroniae, VA
Sphecodes atlantis, MD, VA, WV
Sphecodes carolinus, DC, VA, WV
Sphecodes castaneae, VA
Sphecodes clematidus, VA
Sphecodes confertus, DC, MD
Sphecodes coronus, VA, WV
Sphecodes cressonii, MD, VA, WV
Sphecodes dichrous, MD, VA
Sphecodes glerus, VA
Sphecodes herclei, VA
Sphecodes illinoensis, MD, VA
Sphecodes levis, WV
Sphecodes minor, VA, WV
Sphecodes pimpinelae, VA
Sphecodes ranunculi, DC, MD, VA, WV
Sphecodes stygius, DC, MD, VA, WV
Sphecodes townesi, WV

Nomiinae, North America (a few species), Mediterranean Region and Old World Tropics (many species)


Dufoureinae, Africa, Eurasia, North America, South America (only one species)

Megachilidae (= Megachilids)


Lithurgus, America, Australia, Eurasia

Trichothurgus, South America


Anthidium (= Carder Bee)

Anthidium maculifrons, VA
Anthidium manicatum, DC, MD, introduced from Europe

Chalcicodoma pluto (= Wallace's Giant Mason Bee), New Guinea?

Coelioxys, Cuckoo Bees , DMWP

Coelioxys atlantica, MD
Coelioxys germana, MD, VA
Coelioxys hunteri, VA, WV
Coelioxys moesta, VA
Coelioxys 8-dentata, VA
Coelioxys porterae, WV
Coelioxys rufitarsis, MD
Coelioxys sayi, DC, MD, VA, WV



Heriades carinata, VA, WV
Heriades variolosa, VA


Hoplitis gleasoni, MD, VA
Hoplitis pilosifrons, MD, VA
Hoplitis truncata, WV

Megachile, Leaf-cutter Bees , DMWP

Megachile sculpturalis Smith (Giant Resin Bee, alien from Asia), MD
Megachile (Chelostomoides) campanulae, DC, MD, VA, WV
Megachile (Chelostomoides) campanulae wilmingtoni, VA
Megachile (Chelostomoides) exilis, MD, VA
Megachile (Chelostomoides) exilis parexilis, DC, MD, VA, WV

Megachile (Delomegchile) addenda, VA
Megachile (Delomegchile gemula, DC, WV

Megachile (Eutricharaea) apicalis, VA
Megachile (Eutricharaea) rotundata, DC, VA

Megachile (Leptorchis) petulans, DC, MD, VA, WV

Megachile (Litomegachile) brevis, DC, MD, VA
Megachile (Litomegachile) mendica, DC, VA, WV

Megachile (Litomegachile) texana, DC, MD, VA

Megachile (Megachile) centuncularis, DC, MD, VA
Megachile (Megachile) montivaga, MD, VA
Megachile (Megachile) relativa, MD

Megachile (Syapis) inimica sayi, VA
Megachile (Syapis) pugnata, DC, VA, WV

Megachile (Xanthosrus) latimanus, MD, VA, WV

Megachile (Xeromegchile) integra, DC, MD

Osmia (= Mason Bees)

Osmia (Centrosmia) bucephala, VA , DMWP

Osmia (Chalcosmia) coerulescens, DC, MD, VA
Osmia (Chalcosmia) georgica, DC, MD, VA

Osmia (Chenosmia) atriventris, MD
Osmia (Chenosmia) collinsie, MD, VA
Osmia (Chenosmia) virga, VA

Osmia (Dicertosmia) conjuncta, MD, VA
Osmia (Monilosmia) felti, WV
Osmia (Monilosmia) simillima, VA

Osmia (Nothosmia) albiventris, VA, WV
Osmia (Nothosmia) distincta, VA
Osmia (Nothosmia) inspergens, DC, MD, VA, WV
Osmia (Nothosmia) pumila, DC, MD, VA, WV

Osmia (Osmia) lignaria, Blue Orchard Bee, DC, DMWP, MD, VA, WV

Paranthidium jugatorium lepidum, VA

Prochelostoma philadelphi, DC, VA, WV

Stelis, Cuckoo Bees

Stelis costalis, VA
Stelis lateralis, DC, MD, VA, WV
Stelis trypetina, VA

Melittidae (= Melittids) Africa, Eurasia, North America

Macropis ciliata, MD, VA
Macropis patellata, MD, VA
Macropis steironematis, VA

Melitta, Eurasia, North America

Melitta americana, MD, VA
Melitta melittoides, VA

Oxaeidae (= Oxaeids), American subtropics and tropics



Stenotritidae (= Stenotritids), Australia

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